Wednesday 27 February 2013
Cleaning and Oiling a Singer 15K
At the moment I am cleaning up a 1949 Singer 15K hand machine. When I bought it the metalwork was unusually clean and it turned well. I polished up all the exterior metal and finally took off the faceplate yesterday. This is what I found.
The needlebar and presser bar are completely clean. There wasn't even any fluff in there, and none of the dried up residue of oil that is usually lurking behind the faceplate.
In this picture I have used a torch, so you can see there is a very thin yellowish film on the bars, so it must have been oiled at least once. But I doubt that it was regularly oiled, because there is no trace of residue underneath the machine either.
This is where the oil needs to be applied. The tops of the needlebar and presser bar are tubular and have wads of felt inside, which act as a reservoir for the oil.
Today I will be giving a generous soaking of oil to the felt at the top of the bars.
So if the machine was dry of oil behind the faceplate and underneath, why did it turn so well when I bought it? All will be revealed tomorrow...